What was the basis of Reorganisation of states?

The States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) constituted by the Central Government of India on 22 December 1953 to recommend the reorganisation of state boundaries. In 1955, after nearly two years of study, the Commission recommended that India’s state boundaries should be reorganised to form 14 states and 6 territories.

What is linguistic Reorganisation of states?

In August 1956, Parliament enacted the States Reorganisation Act, which called for states to be redrawn along linguistic lines by November 1 of that year. While many more states have been created since, this remains India’s largest collective administrative reorganisation.

Who demanded the reconstruction of a state based on language?

The movement to create states based on language gained momentum in the early 1950s starting with the demand for a separate state for Telugu-speaking people. A railway employee and Gandhian, Potti Sriramulu, started a fast to press the demand.

Which state is made on the basis of language?

This resulted in the creation of the first state on linguistic basis for Telugu speaking people called Andhra State on October 1, 1953. It was later renamed Andhra Pradesh.

Who divided India into states?

Later, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appointed the States Reorganisation Commission in December 1953, with the remit to reorganise the Indian states. The new commission was headed by the retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Fazal Ali; its other two members were H. N. Kunzru and K. M. Panikkar.

Why are the linguistic states created?

Linguistic states were created to ensure that people who speak the same language lived in the same state. Some states were purposefully created to uphold the differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography. Example: Nagaland, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand.

What are the advantages of linguistic states?

The linguistic states were created to ensure that the people who spoke the same language lived in the same state. The advantages are: (i) It has made the country more united. (ii) It has also made administration easier.

What was meant by princely states?

A princely state, also called a native state, feudatory state or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or indigenous or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.

Which state is not created on the basis of language?

Some states were created not on the basis of language but to recognise differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography. These include states like Nagaland, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand.

When did linguistic reorganisation of States take place?

The linguistic reorganisation of states Between 1947 and about 1950, the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union.

Who was the chairman of the Linguistic Reorganisation Committee?

Consisting of Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, Sir Ali Imam, Subhash Chandra Bose etc and presided over by Motilal Nehru, this committee represented various trends in the freedom movement, and its report for the first time formally incorporated the demand for linguistic reorganisation of the provinces.

What are challenges and measures of linguistic reorganisation of States in India?

(iv) Land loss, indebtedness, exploitation by intermediaries, denial of access to forests and forest products, oppression and extortion by police officers, forest officials have provoked a series of tribal uprisings such as Santhal uprising, Munda rebellion, etc.

When was the States Reorganisation Commission set up?

The States Reorganisation Commission was preceded by the Linguistic Provinces Commission (aka Dhar Commission), which was set up in June 1948. It rejected language as a parameter for dividing states.