How and why does type 2 diabetes increase the risk of CV disease?
Over time, high blood glucose from diabetes can damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart and blood vessels. The longer you have diabetes, the higher the chances that you will develop heart disease. People with diabetes tend to develop heart disease at a younger age than people without diabetes.
Is diabetes a risk factor for CVD?
Diabetes is a prime risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular disorders include retinopathy and nephropathy, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), stroke, and coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes also affects the heart muscle, causing both systolic and diastolic heart failure.
What are main causes of diabetes?
What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
Can diabetes be a genetically over passing disease?
Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary. That doesn’t mean that if your mother or father has (or had) type 2 diabetes, you’re guaranteed to develop it; instead, it means that you have a greater chance of developing type 2.
Which type of diabetes is hereditary?
Type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance rather than the lack of insulin, as seen in type 1 diabetes. This often is obtained as a hereditary tendency from one’s parents. Insulin levels in these patients are usually normal or higher than average but the body’s cells are rather sluggish to respond to it.
Which diabetes is not genetic?
“The genetic test is only going to reveal an association or a probability that someone might get type 1 or type 2 diabetes because the disease is not only caused by genetic variation,” but it won’t indicate with certainty whether some will or will not go on to develop the disease.
Can diabetes be cured?
There is no cure for diabetes. Neither type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes ever goes away. Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may discover that if they are overweight at diagnosis and then lose weight and begin regular physical activity, their blood glucose returns to normal.
Can Type 2 diabetes be cured?
There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Who does diabetes affect the most?
However, type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese.
How do most diabetics die?
1. Diabetes isn’t a serious disease. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease. In fact, two out of three people with diabetes will die from cardiovascular-related episodes, such as a heart attack or stroke.
How do you feel when your blood sugar is too HIgh?
If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:Increased thirst.Frequent urination.Fatigue.Nausea and vomiting.Shortness of breath.Stomach pain.Fruity breath odor.A very dry mouth.
How long can you live with diabetes?
However, there is good news – people with type 1 diabetes have been known to live for as long as over 85 years with the condition. As noted above, recent studies into life expectancy are showing significant improvement in life expectancy rates for people with type 1 diabetes born later in the 20th century.
What lowers blood sugar immediately?
When your blood sugar level gets too high — known as hyperglycemia or high blood glucose — the quickest way to reduce it is to take fast-acting insulin. Exercising is another fast, effective way to lower blood sugar.
Can I live a long life with type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that can lead to life-threatening complications. However, by adopting effective management strategies, there is a good chance that many people with type 2 diabetes can expect to live as long as a person without the condition.
What are the final stages of diabetes?
What are the signs of end-of-life due to diabetes?using the bathroom frequently.increased drowsiness.infections.increased thirst.increased hunger.itching.weight loss.fatigue.
Do diabetics get angry easily?
Anger initiates the stress response within the body causing blood sugar levels to rise, heart rate and blood pressure to increase. It is normal for people with diabetes to experience anger, often questioning why it is them with diabetes whilst other people are healthy.
How can I tell if my diabetes is getting worse?
Nerve DamageTingling, pain, or numbness in your hands or feet.Stomach problems like nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.A lot of bladder infections or trouble emptying your bladder.Problems getting or keeping an erection.Dizzy or lightheaded.
How do I know if my diabetes is severe?
It happens when your blood sugar gets too high and your body gets severely dehydrated….Diabetic ComaBlood sugar over 600 mg/dl.Dry, parched mouth.Extreme thirst.Warm, dry skin that doesn’t sweat.High fever (over 101 F)Sleepiness or confusion.Vision loss.Hallucinations.
What are the foods to be avoided for diabetes?
11 Foods and Drinks to Avoid with DiabetesSugar-sweetened beverages. Sugary beverages are the worst drink choice for someone with diabetes. Trans fats. Artificial trans fats are extremely unhealthy. White bread, rice, and pasta. Fruit-flavored yogurt. Sweetened breakfast cereals. Flavored coffee drinks. Honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup. Dried fruit.