What is CV and PV?

Control value (CV) and process value (PV) signals in the control system with ON-OFF algorithm. Source publication.

What is PV and GV?

PV is Personal Volume. Personal Volume is the commissionable value of products sold in a calendar month: (1) by the Company to an Independent Distributor; and (2) by the Company to the Independent Distributor’s personally enrolled Customers. GV is Group Volume.

What is CV in process control?

One parameter is controlled (varied) to maintain another parameter at a desired value. The parameter that is controlled is the Control Variable (CV) The parameter that reacts to a Control Variable change is the Process Variable (PV) The target value for PV is the Setpoint (SP)

What is negative cost variance?

Remarks If the cost variance is negative, the cost for the task is currently under the budgeted, or baseline, amount. If the cost variance is positive, the cost for the task is currently over budget. When the task is complete, this field shows the difference between baseline costs and actual costs.

What is negative schedule variance?

Schedule variance is the budgeted cost of work performed minus budgeted cost of work scheduled. A negative schedule variance means that a project is behind schedule, while a negative variance means that it is ahead of schedule.

When evaluating a work package with a negative cost variance on what two types of activities should you focus?

When evaluating a work package with negative cost variance on what 2 types of activities should you focus and why? One should focus on: Activities that will be performed in the near term. If you put off corrective actions until some point in the distant future, the negative cost variance may deteriorate.

What does schedule variance tell you?

Schedule variance is an indicator of whether a project schedule is ahead or behind and is typically used within Earned Value Management (EVM). The BCWS measures the budget for the entire project and the BCWP measures the cost of actual work done. The difference is the schedule variance.

What is a project variance?

A variance is defined as a schedule, technical, or cost deviation from the project plan. Variances should be tracked and reported, as well as mitigated through corrective actions.

What is a cost variance?

Cost variance (CV), also known as budget variance, is the difference between the actual cost and the budgeted cost, or what you expected to spend versus what you actually spent.

How can you identify baseline variance?

In order to identify any baseline variance, it may be necessary:  Conducting ongoing analysis throughout the project lifecycle.  Tracking constantly the project and monitoring the schedule.  Comparing a position or status within the project with an earlier version of it.

How are variances identified?

The price variance identifies whether the actual cost per pound of the input was more or less than the planned or standard cost per pound. The quantity variance identifies whether the actual quantity of the input used was more or less than the planned or standard quantity for the actual output.

What are the types of variance analysis?

Types of Variance Analysis Formula Variance Analysis can be broadly classified into the following heads: Material Variance – (Sub-Categories – Price and Usage Variance) Labour Variance – (Sub-Categories – Rate and Efficiency Variance) Variable Overhead Variance – (Sub-Categories – Efficiency and Expenditure Variance)

What is variance analysis used for?

Definition: Variance analysis is the study of deviations of actual behaviour versus forecasted or planned behaviour in budgeting or management accounting. This is essentially concerned with how the difference of actual and planned behaviours indicates how business performance is being impacted.

How do companies use variance analysis?

Variance analysis will let managers and cost analysts see if the budgeted costs and requirements for an operation accurately forecasted the actual costs and requirements of the operation. Often, you will find variance between the budgeted requirements and the actual requirements.

How do you perform a variance analysis?

How to Perform a Variance Analysis:Step 1: Gather All Data into a Centralized Database. Step 2: Create a Variance Report. Step 3: Evaluate your variances. Step 4: Compile an explanation of the variances and recommendations for senior management. Step 5: Plan for the future.

How do you perform a cost variance analysis?

Steps of Cost Variance AnalysisCalculate the difference between what we spent and what we budgeted to spend.Investigate why there is a difference.Put the information together and talk to management.Put together a plan to get costs more in line with the budget.

How do you present budget vs actual?

The difference between the budgeted amount for a figure and the actual result in the report is referred to as the budget variance. A budget variance can be displayed as a hard number or it can be put in a percentage format. For example, say that a company budgeted sales of $500,000 but only made sales of $400,000.