Why was tiglath pileser important?

Tiglath-pileser III, (flourished 8th century bc), king of Assyria (745–727 bc) who inaugurated the last and greatest phase of Assyrian expansion. He subjected Syria and Palestine to his rule, and later (729 or 728) he merged the kingdoms of Assyria and Babylonia.

What did tiglath Pileser I do?

Tiglath-pileser I carried out extensive building work in Ashur, Nineveh, and other cities, and texts from his library are still extant. His territorial conquests, however, did not outlast his reign, and after his death Assyria entered a period of decline.

What new kind of army did tiglath pileser setup?

The new king changed this policy so that now there was a levy of a certain number of men each province had to provide who would be thoroughly trained to be a member of the Assyrian army and could campaign year-round. In doing so, Tiglath Pileser III created the first professional army in history.

How did the Assyrians treat conquered peoples?

How did they treat the people that they conquered? cruelly: they burned cities, tortured and killed captives, deported populations and forced them to pay big taxes.

Is tiglath-pileser in the Bible?

Biblical records describe how Tiglath-Pileser III (in the Bible called “Pul”) exacted 1,000 talents of silver as tribute from King Menahem of the Kingdom of Israel (2 Kings 15:19) and later defeated his successor Pekah (2 Kings 15:29).

Who was the famous ruler of Assyria?

Perhaps the most famous ruler was Sargon II. He is remembered as a great king of Assyria, living in the 8th century BCE; like many other kings his name is known today from the Hebrew Bible.

What is Assyria today?

The indigenous Assyrian homeland areas are “part of today’s northern Iraq, southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran and northeastern Syria”. The Assyrian communities that are still left in the Assyrian homeland are in Syria (400,000), Iraq (300,000), Iran (20,000), and Turkey (15,000–25,100).

What did Tiglath Pileser III do as King?

As king, Tiglath-pileser III, an intelligent and vigorous man, acted swiftly. He rearranged territorial governorships by subdividing the larger provinces that had tended to strive for independence from the central power.

Why did Tiglath Pileser win the Battle of Arpad?

The victory in 741 was far-reaching, as noted in the Bible (Isaiah 37:13), and was to stem the barbarian pressures from the north that, after Tiglath-pileser, were to threaten civilizations throughout the area. Tribute was brought to him at Arpad from Damascus, Tyre, Cilicia, and other cities and regions.

When did Tiglath Pileser break the power of Damascus?

In 734 the border with Egypt was sealed. The tribes of Ammon, Edom, and Moab, who, with Israel, had attacked Ahaz of Judah —a vassal of Assyria—now had to pay tribute. Over the next two years Tiglath-pileser systematically broke the power of Damascus.

When did Tiglath Pileser defeat Sarduri II?

Tiglath-pileser next attacked the Urartian ruler Sarduri II and his neo-Hittite and Aramaean allies, whom he defeated in 743 bc. Advance westward was, however, barred by the capital of Arpad, which had to be besieged for three years—a technique now feasible to a standing army.