What is flood routing?
Flood routing is a procedure to determine the time and magnitude of flow (i.e., the flow hydrograph) at a point on a watercourse from known or assumed hydrographs at one or more points upstream. The procedure is specifically known as Flood routing, if the flow is a flood.
What is Muskingum routing method?
The Muskingum method is a hydrological flow routing model with lumped parameters, which describes the transformation of discharge waves in a river bed using two equations. These equations are applied within a river reach between two cross sections of a river.
What is the importance of flood routing?
Flood routing is important in the design of flood protection measures, to estimate how the proposed measures will affect the behavior of flood waves in rivers, so that adequate protection and economic solutions may be found. Flood routing procedures may be classified as either hydrological or hydraulics.
What is modified Puls method?
The Modified Puls routing method, also known as storage routing or level-pool routing, is based upon a finite difference approximation of the continuity equation, coupled with an empirical representation of the momentum equation (Chow, 1964; Henderson, 1966).
What is the difference between reservoir routing and channel routing?
These are reservoir routing and channel routing. In reservoir routing the effect of a flood wave entering a reservoir is studied. In channel routing the change in the shape of a hydrograph as it travels down a channel is studied.
What is flow routing?
Flow routing is a network routing technology that takes variations in the flow of data into account to increase routing efficiency. A flow router evaluates traffic flows in real time, based on an ID, route, time of receipt and rate of flow, to keep streaming traffic moving as quickly as possible.
What is Muskingum method used for?
The Muskingum routing procedure is used for systems that have Storage – Discharge relationships that are hysteretic. That is, for systems for which the outflow is not a unique function of storage. The S vs. O relationship for the river reach under consideration is graphed below.
How is Muskingum calculated?
A simplified Muskingum routing equation is developed. The method is based on the specification of the space and time intervals Δx and Δt such that X = 0 and K = Δt. In this case, the routing equation reduces to the computation of a simple average.
What is a routing model?
The routing model was developed by Dag Lohmann, please refer to the references given below for the methodology. The model transports grid cell surface runoff and baseflow produced by VIC-Nl within each grid cell to the outlet of that grid cell then into the river system.
How flood routing is carried out in reservoir?
Types of Routing Flood routing is the process of determining the timing and shape of a flood wave. In a reservoir, this is done by accounting for the storage available in the reservoir, whereas in a channel, the flood wave is observed at successive points along a river.
What does a hydrograph measure?
A hydrograph is a graph showing stage, discharge, velocity, or other properties of water flow with respect to time. It shows the time distribution of runoff at the point of measurement or computation, reflecting the complex characteristics of the watershed by a single curve.
What are the types of flood control reservoirs?
Explanation: There are two basic types of flood-mitigation reservoirs i.e. storage reservoir and retarding reservoirs.
Which is the best method for flood routing?
The theoretical basis for approximate advection-diffusion and Muskingum flood routing methods is examined. Four nonlinear Muskingum methods are shown to satisfy a quasi-advection-diffusion equation. A dimensionless diffusion number shows when approximate methods are not accurate.
What’s the difference between Hydraulic routing and hydrologic routing?
1. Hydrologic routing and 2. hydraulic routing Hydrologic-routing methods employ essentially the equation of continuity. Hydraulic methods, on the other hand, employ the continuity equation together with the equation of motion of unsteady.
Can a reservoir routing method be used for stream routing?
Storage Indication Method Reservoir routing methods that can also be used for stream routing are generally discharge methods, not mass methods, because a discharge hydrograph is the desired output. This method uses discharge rates as both input and output. Two shortcomings of the method should be acknowledged.
Which is part of flood routing in IIT Bombay?
ii) Channel Routing– considers changes in the shape of input hydrograph while flood waves pass through a channel downstream. – Flood hydrographs at various sections predicted when input hydrographs & channel characteristics are known. Prof. T I Eldho, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay5 Flood Routing Flood Routing –– ProcedureProcedure