# How do you prove that a Cauchy sequence is convergent?

## How do you prove that a Cauchy sequence is convergent?

The proof is essentially the same as the corresponding result for convergent sequences. Any convergent sequence is a Cauchy sequence. If (an)→ α then given ε > 0 choose N so that if n > N we have |an- α| < ε. Then if m, n > N we have |am- an| = |(am- α) – (am- α)| ≤ |am- α| + |am- α| < 2ε.

## Is Cauchy the same as convergent?

Informally speaking, a Cauchy sequence is a sequence where the terms of the sequence are getting closer and closer to each other. Definition. A sequence (xn)n∈N with xn∈X for all n∈N is convergent if and only if there exists a point x∈X such that for every ε>0 there exists N∈N such that d(xn,x)<ε.

What is the difference between a Cauchy sequence and a convergent sequence?

A Cauchy sequence is a sequence where the terms of the sequence get arbitrarily close to each other after a while. A convergent sequence is a sequence where the terms get arbitrarily close to a specific point. A Cauchy sequence {xn}n satisfies: ∀ε>0,∃N>0,n,m>N⇒|xn−xm|<ε.

How do I identify a Cauchy sequence?

A Cauchy sequence is a sequence whose terms become very close to each other as the sequence progresses. Formally, the sequence { a n } n = 0 ∞ \{a_n\}_{n=0}^{\infty} {an}n=0∞ is a Cauchy sequence if, for every ϵ>0, there is an N > 0 N>0 N>0 such that. n,m>N\implies |a_n-a_m|<\epsilon. n,m>N⟹∣an−am∣<ϵ.

### Why every Cauchy sequence is convergent?

Every Cauchy sequence of real numbers is bounded, hence by Bolzano–Weierstrass has a convergent subsequence, hence is itself convergent. This proof of the completeness of the real numbers implicitly makes use of the least upper bound axiom.

### Is every Cauchy sequence is a convergent sequence?

Theorem. Every real Cauchy sequence is convergent. Theorem. Every complex Cauchy sequence is convergent.

Is the limit of a convergent sequence unique?

Hence for all convergent sequences the limit is unique.

Is every convergent sequence a Cauchy sequence?

Every convergent sequence {xn} given in a metric space is a Cauchy sequence. If is a compact metric space and if {xn} is a Cauchy sequence in then {xn} converges to some point in .

#### Can a convergent sequence have more than one limit?

Hence our assumption must be false, that is, there does not exist a se- quence with more than one limit. Hence for all convergent sequences the limit is unique. Notation Suppose {an}n∈N is convergent.

#### Can a sequence converge to two different limits?

No . In Metric Space a sequence can converge at most one limit . But ,there are some topological space where one sequence can converge two or more than two limits . |a(n) – l’| < ε/2 for n >/= N’ .

How to prove that x n is a Cauchy sequence?

Definition 2. ( x n) is a Cauchy sequence iff, for every ε ∈ R with ε > 0 , there is an N ∈ N such that, for every m, n ∈ N with m, n > N , we have | x m − x n | < ε. Theorem. If ( x n) is convergent, then it is a Cauchy sequence. Hence all convergent sequences are Cauchy.

Is the theorem that all convergent sequences are Cauchy correct?

Theorem. If ( x n) is convergent, then it is a Cauchy sequence. Hence all convergent sequences are Cauchy. Is this proof correct?

## Which is the best definition of a convergent series?

For other uses, see Convergence (disambiguation). In mathematics, a series is the sum of the terms of an infinite sequence of numbers. Given an infinite sequence the n th partial sum Sn is the sum of the first n terms of the sequence. That is, A series is convergent if the sequence of its partial sums tends to a limit;

## When is a sequence in your said to be convergent?

A sequence (xn) in R is convergent if some x ∈ R exists such that for every ε > 0 some n0 ∈ N can be found such that |x − xn| < ε for each n ≥ n0. If that is the case then it can be shown that this x is unique and the sequence is said to converge to x.