Does Penicillium brevicompactum produce mycotoxins?

It is not known to produce mycotoxins. The ubiquitous species Penicillium chrysogenum has been reported to cause spoilage of various fruits, but it is not a major pathogen.

What is Penicillium mycophenolic acid?

Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is one of the main metabolites produced by fungi of the genus Penicillium [1, 2]. From a chemical point of view, MPA is a meroterpenoid composed of a phthalide moiety substituted by a terpenoid side chain.

What molds produce mycotoxins?

The most common types of mold which are known to produce mycotoxins are Aspergillus , Penicillium , Fusarium , and Alternaria [10].

Where is mycophenolic acid found?

Mycophenolic Acid is an antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral mycotoxin acid. It is produced by the Penicillium fungus. Mycophenolic Acid is an immunosuppressant which inhibits the proliferation of B and T lymphocytes.

Where does ochratoxin A come from?

Ochratoxin A is produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium and is a common food-contaminating mycotoxin. Contamination of food commodities, such as cereals and cereal products, coffee beans, dry vine fruits, wine and grape juice, spices and liquorice, occurs worldwide.

What foods are high in mycotoxins?

Mycotoxins appear in almost all kinds of animal feed and products such as wheat bran, noug cake, pea hulls, maize grain, milk and meat, and also human food such as cereal, fruit and vegetables, spice, etc. [5]. Consuming these foods creates serious health risks in human and all animal species.

How long does it take to detox from mold?

It can take 24 to 48 hours to properly ventilate and dry the area. If you suspect mold in your HVAC system, turn off your heating and cooling system and contact an HVAC professional immediately.

What product kills mycotoxins?

Killing Mycotoxins

  • Sodium Hypochlorite has been found to kill trichothecene and other mycotoxins.
  • Extreme heat (fire at 500°F for half-hour) can destroy trichothecene mycotoxins.
  • Ozone can kill most mycotoxins, but the level needed is not safe for humans.

How do I get rid of mycotoxins?

Ideally, mycotoxins should be filtered out by the liver and then escorted out through urine or stool.

Is there a blood test for mycotoxins?

The RealTime Labs mycotoxin test detects 16 different mycotoxins, including 9 macrocyclic trichothecenes. Testing is done using competitive ELISA, a very sensitive detection method using antibodies prepared against mycotoxins.

What kind of mould is Penicillium brevicompactum?

Penicillium brevicompactum is a mould species in the genus Penicillium . Mycophenolic acid can be isolated from P. brevicompactum .

How is Penicillium brevicompactum related to P bialowiezense?

Penicillium brevicompactum and P. bialowiezense are two closely related species that are not easily distinguished by morphology or DNA sequencing.

Why was Penicillium brevicompactum not shipped to Michigan?

We were not shipped the actual flower samples (federal law prohibits this) and the culture may have changed the representation or sampling of the original flower sample that had failed in Michigan. Penicillium brevicompactum is an oil producing endophytic filamentous fungi.

How much Exo-inulinase does Penicillium brevicompactum produce?

Penicillium brevicompactum produced 1.24 U/gds and 0.66 U/gds exo-inulinase on artichoke leaves and garlic waste, respectively, while Penicillium rugulosum produced 239 U/gds exo-inulinase on copra waste substrate (Abd El Aty et al., 2014; Ana M. Rossi, Colin W. Taylor, in Current Topics in Membranes, 2010