How is first and last host address calculated?

86.0 is simply a matter of adding one to the last octet. Therefore it’s 192.168. 86.1 for the first usable host address. The same can be said when calculating the last usable host address, which is the broadcast address minus one.

What is the range of IP address?

An IP address is always a set of four numbers like that. Each number can range from 0 to 255. So, the full IP addressing range goes from 0.0. 0.0 to 255.255.

What is a network address example?

A network address is also known as the numerical network part of an IP address. For example, in the IP address 192.168. 1.0, the network address is 192.168.

What are Unicast addresses?

A unicast address is an address that identifies a unique node on a network. Unicast addressing is available in IPv4 and IPv6 and typically refers to a single sender or a single receiver, although it can be used in both sending and receiving. Unicast is the most common form of IP addressing.

Why broadcast address is used?

This address is used to transmit data to all of the hosts on the local subnet. The broadcast address is used by multiple protocols such as ARP, the Routing Information Protocol (RIP), and other protocols that must transmit data before they know the local subnet mask.

How do you find a broadcast address?

To calculate your broadcast address, fill in the ip address and subnet mask in the boxes below, then press the Calculate Broadcast Address button. The calculator will also compute the Network or Listen address. Enter your IP address. Enter your subnet mask.

What is an example of a broadcast address?

An IP broadcast address is the highest number in its class; for example, the broadcast address of a Class C network is The broadcast address for a subnet must account for the part of the address that is reserved for the subnet.

What is the definition of broadcast address?

Broadcast Address Definition. A broadcast address is a special type of networking address that is reserved for sending messages to all nodes (i.e., devices attached to the network) on a given network or network segment.

What is a broadcast IP address?

A broadcast IP is a special, reserved address used to send to all IP devices on a Local Area Network, and there is a special IP address reserved for it: for IPv4 (though it was historically Broadcasting is convenient, but very resource wasteful.