What is curriculum in special education?

Special education curriculum encompasses specially designed instruction, as well as all educational and related services for students identified as having a disability according to federal and state regulations. Special education curriculum has evolved throughout the eras.

Which type of curriculum is used in inclusive education?

According to OpenSocietyFoundations, “An inclusive curriculum includes locally relevant themes and contributions by marginalized and minority groups. It avoids binary narratives of good and bad, and allows adapting the curriculum to the learning styles of children with special education needs.”

What are the factors that influence curriculum development in Kenya?

These factors among others include teacher training; availability of teaching, learning materials, time allocation, classroom practices and head teacher characteristics. These factors also influence the implementation of curriculum in public primary schools in Ukwala Division, Siaya County Kenya.

How the first special school was established in Kenya?

Historical development of Special Education in Kenya Provision of special needs education in Kenya dates back to 1946 when a vocational training for the blind was established in Thika to cater for the Second World War veterans blinded or impaired during the war (Ndurumo, 1993; Njoka & Syallo, 2013).

What are the 5 types of curriculum?

The five basic types of curriculum are Traditional, Thematic, Programmed, Classical, and Technological. The most used curriculum can be found within these broader categories.

What is curriculum adaptation in special education?

Curriculum adaption is an ongoing dynamic process that modifies and adapts the prescribed programme of studies to meet the learning requirements of a student with special needs. It enables the teaching team to welcome learners of all abilities and ensures that every student is challenged to learn.

What are the 3 major factors that influence curriculum development?

There are many factors that influence curriculum design. Three of these main factors include technology, a multicultural society, and classroom management.

How special needs education started in Kenya?

The study established that from 1945, Special Education programs were started in Kenya mainly spearheaded by churches like the Salvation Army. The institutions named above were initiated by the churches, a fact that confirms the little role the government played in providing education to the disabled.

What are the challenges faced by learners with special needs?

What challenges do students with disabilities face as they transition from two-year to four-year colleges?

  • Differences in disabled student services.
  • Inadequate financial support.
  • The transferring process.
  • Housing/transportation.
  • Personal/family issues.
  • Differences in academic requirements.

What kind of curriculum does Kenya Institute of curriculum development use?

The BECF has adopted the Competency Based Curriculum (CBC). This has been informed various policy documents such as Kenya Vision 2030, Constitution of Kenya 2010, the Task Force report on the Re-alignment of the Education Sector to the chaired by Professor Odhiambo, the Sessional Paper No. 2 of 2015 on ‘Reforming Education and Training.

When is the roll out of the curriculum in Kenya?

Century skills, the harmonized curriculum for the East African States, the sustainable development goals and KICD needs assessment report 2016 among other documents formed the basis of the curriculum reforms. The Institute has organised an elaborate teacher training for the national roll out of the curriculum, which will be in January 2018.

How many years is a senior school in Kenya?

Senior School comprises three years of education targeted at learners in the age bracket of 15 to 17 years and lays the foundation for further education and training at the tertiary level and the world of work. It marks the end of Basic Education as defined in the Education Act, 2013.

What is the vision of basic education in Kenya?

The vision of the basic education curriculum reforms is to enable every Kenyan to become an engaged, empowered and ethical citizen. This will be achieved by providing every Kenyan learner with world class standards in the skills and knowledge that they deserve, and which they need in order to thrive in the 21st century.