Where is chikungunya most common in the world?
Endemic regions and outbreaks in the world Chikungunya fever is endemic in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Pacific Region and most probably in the (sub) tropical regions of the Americas. Chikungunya fever has caused numerous epidemics in Africa and Asia.
How many cases of chikungunya are there?
In 2017, ECDC reported a total of 10 countries, with 548 cases with chikungunya, of which 84% were confirmed cases.
How many cases of chikungunya virus per year?
As of Dec. 2, a total of 1,911 chikungunya cases have been reported from the United States. Before this outbreak, an average of 28 travelers with chikungunya virus returned to the country each year. CDC estimates that about nine million people travel between the United States and Caribbean each year.
What are the long term effects of chikungunya?
Long-term persistence of chronic joint symptoms is associated with the severity of the disease during the initial phase of the infection, but not gender, age, or comorbidities. The common manifestations were arthralgia (75.3%), morning joint stiffness (39.0%), muscle pain (19.5%), and occasional joint swelling (16.9%).
What not to eat in Chikungunya?
Food habits It’s advisable to go easy on non-vegetarian food as it overwhelms the body system and increases load on the liver. Also, if possible, do avoid eating out. Barley (sattu), pomegranate and soups should be made a part of the diet as they help detoxify the liver.
What is the best treatment for chikungunya?
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).
Where is the Chikungunya virus found in the world?
Chikungunya Virus. Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean. There is a risk that the virus will be imported to new areas by infected travelers.
When did chikungunya become a nationally notifiable disease?
Chikungunya virus disease became a nationally notifiable condition in 2015. Cases are reported to CDC by state and local health departments using standard case definitions. This webpage contains final data reported to ArboNET for 2019.
What are the signs and symptoms of Chikungunya virus?
Signs and symptoms. Other common signs and symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The joint pain is often very debilitating, but usually lasts for a few days or may be prolonged to weeks. Hence the virus can cause acute, subacute or chronic disease.