What happened to the European colonies in Asia and Africa?
After World War II, most of the European colonies in Asia and Africa achieved their independence. Explanation: The Second World War gave the colonial powers a serious blow, taking away their previous prestige. Dutch, Belgian and French have been vanquished and taken over.
How did European colonialism affect Africa?
Furthermore, colonialism introduced a dual economic structure within the African economy. It also brought about disarticulation of African economy, education, trade, market, transport and currency institution. It forced Africans to work in colonial plantations at very low wages and displaced them from their lands.
Why did Europe Imperialize Asia and Africa?
In the Age of New Imperialism that began in the 1870s, European states established vast empires mainly in Africa, but also in Asia and the Middle East. European nations pursued an aggressive expansion policy that was motivated by economic needs that were created by the Industrial Revolution.
Why did Europe not colonize China?
China. Like the Ottoman Empire, Qing China was too large for any single European power to simply grab. The powers divided coastal China up into “spheres of influence” and stripped the hapless Qing Dynasty of much of its sovereignty, without ever actually annexing the country.
Why did Europeans colonized Africa?
a time when many European nations were flourishing in the technology sector of the time.
How did Europeans colonize Africa?
One motive for the Europeans to colonize Africa was the demand for raw materials. They wanted to use Africa as a method to guarantee their sources of raw materials. The reason being was because industrialization was growing rapidly and spreading throughout Europe; therefore there was now a competition for raw materials.
How did European colonization affect Africa?
European competition for colonies affected Africa as it depleted all of the natural resources rapidly. It also increased slavery as they used slaves to gather said natural resources. It laid to ethnic conflict as tribal lands were torn by lines drawn by the Europeans, leading to disparity and apartheid.
Was Africa colonized by Europe?
European nations colonized Africa mostly from 1885 to 1910. Countries that had colonies in Africa were: Great Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Spain. They held about 97% of the African territories.