Is list a Prolog?

A list in Prolog is a collection of terms, which is useful for grouping items together, or for dealing with large volumes of related data, etc. Lists are enclosed by square brackets, and items are separated by commas. The length of a list is the number of items it contains.

How do I print a list in Prolog?

read_student_info([A, B, C]), nl, nl, menu([[A, B, C] | X]). read_student_info([A, B, C]) :- write(‘\tStudent ID: ‘), read(A), write(‘\tStudent Name: ‘), read(B), write(‘\tStudent Grade: ‘), read(C).

How do I assign a list to a variable in Prolog?

Something similar could be achieved in a Prolog fashion by doing something like this: frob(cat, List, Result) :- append([cat], List, Result). frob(dog, List, List). This predicate frob/3 has two in-parameters: an atom and a list.

How do you write a rule in Prolog?

The first step to programming in prolog is the use of rules. With rules we state that a predicate is true, provided that other predicates are true. A rule looks like this: a :- b, c, d.

Is string a Prolog?

Strings were added to SWI-Prolog based on an early draft of the ISO standard, offerring a mechanism to represent temporary character data efficiently. As SWI-Prolog strings can handle 0-bytes, they are frequently used through the foreign language interface (section 7) for storing arbitrary byte-sequences.

How do you check if a variable is a list in Prolog?

To check if a variable is bound to a list, you can use is_list/1 . to check list you could try: listing(is_list/1, list_functor/1). is_list(X) :- functor(X, F, _), list_functor(F).

How many elements are in the following Prolog list [[ A list of lists and numbers 1 2 3 ]]?

four element list
PROLOG Lists [[a,list,of,lists], and, numbers,[1,2,3]] is a four element list, the first and last are themselves lists.

Is there a list library in SWI Prolog?

– Virtually every Prolog system has library (lists), but the set of provided predicates is diverse. There is a fair agreement on the semantics of most of these predicates, although error handling may vary. True if Elem is a member of List. The SWI-Prolog definition differs from the classical one.

When to use semidet or multi in SWI Prolog?

Succeeds when Last is the last element of List. This predicate is semidet if List is a list and multi if List is a partial list. There is no de-facto standard for the argument order of last/2. Be careful when porting code or use append (_, [Last], List) as a portable alternative. True when Length is the number of elements in the proper list List.

Which is not an atom in SWI Prolog?

As of version 7, SWI-Prolog lists can be distinguished unambiguously at runtime from ./2 terms and the atom ’ []’ . The constant [] is special constant that is not an atom. It has the following properties:

Are there any predicates for list manipulation in Prolog?

This library provides commonly accepted basic predicates for list manipulation in the Prolog community. Some additional list manipulations are built-in. See e.g., memberchk/2, length/2 . The implementation of this library is copied from many places.