What are examples of political violence?

Fighting between non-state actors without state security forces playing a direct role in the conflict.

  • Ethnic conflicts.
  • Terrorism.
  • Genocide.
  • Torture.
  • Capital punishment.
  • Famine.
  • Police brutality.
  • Rebellion.

What is ethnic extremism?

Ethnic terrorism can be defined as deliberate violence by a subnational ethnic group to advance its cause. Such violence usually focuses either on the creation of a separate state or on the elevation of the status of one communal group over others.

What is the most extreme form of ethnic conflict?

Examples. Ethnic cleansing and genocide qualifies as “ethnic violence” (of the most extreme sort), because the victims of a genocide are by definition killed only based on their membership in a given ethnic group.

What is political violence in simple terms?

Political violence is the deliberate use of power and force to achieve political goals (World Health Organization (WHO), 2002). As outlined by the World Health Organization (2002), political violence is characterized by both physical and psychological acts aimed at injuring or intimidating populations.

What are the main causes of political violence?

Following are some of the causes of political violence. 1) General causes 2) The Concept of National Self-Determination 3) Ideology 4) Religious and ethnic conflicts 5) Political conflicts between different groups of elites 6) Economic conditions and the concept of relative deprivation.

What is the major root cause of the ethnic conflicts?

Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for the same goal—notably power, access to resources, or territory. Violent conflict is caused mainly by social and political systems that lead to inequality and grievances and do not offer options for the peaceful expression of differences.

What are the effects of ethnic conflicts?

In addition, ethnic conflicts have very direct effects far beyond their epicentres. Those involve refugee flows, internal displacement, regional instability, economic failures, environmental disasters, diffusion and spillover effects, and conditions favourable to organized crime and terrorism.