What is the transpyloric plane?
The transpyloric plane, also known as Addison’s plane, is an imaginary axial plane located midway between the jugular notch and superior border of pubic symphysis, at approximately the level of L1 vertebral body. The structures traditionally thought of as lying in the transpyloric plane include: pylorus of the stomach.
What passes through the transpyloric plane?
Structures crossed. The transpyloric plane is clinically notable because it passes through several important abdominal structures. It also divides the supracolic and infracolic compartments, with the liver, spleen and gastric fundus above it and the small intestine and colon below it.
Is transpyloric plane and Subcostal plane same?
Transpyloric plane. The subcostal plane is a transverse plane which bisects the body at the level of the 10th costal margin and the vertebra body L3.
Why it is called Transpyloric?
The plane also transects the kidney horizontally in half at about the region of the renal hilum. This plane also passes through the origin of the superior mesenteric artery, the body of the gallbladder, and of course through the pylorus of the stomach, from whence the name of this plane arises.
Where is Transpyloric line?
An upper transverse line, the transpyloric is located halfway between the jugular notch and the upper border of the symphysis pubis; this indicates the margin of the transpyloric plane, which in most cases cuts through the pylorus, the tips of the ninth costal cartilages and the lower border of the first lumbar …
What level is the Transtubercular plane?
A lower transverse line midway between the upper transverse and the upper border of the pubic symphysis; this is termed the intertubercular plane (or transtubercular), since it practically corresponds to that passing through the iliac tubercles; behind, its plane cuts the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra.
Where is transpyloric line?
What level is pylorus?
Pylorus – This area connects the stomach to the duodenum. It is divided into the pyloric antrum, pyloric canal and pyloric sphincter. The pyloric sphincter demarcates the transpyloric plane at the level of L1.
What causes retroperitoneum?
Causes of retroperitoneal inflammation Kidney infections, abscesses , stones, and other causes of inflammation or infection of the kidneys can cause retroperitoneal inflammation. A ruptured appendix, stomach ulcers, or a perforated colon can allow bacteria into your retroperitoneal space.
Where is the pylorus located on the transpyloric plane?
trans·py·lor·ic plane. [TA] a transverse plane midway between the superior margins of the manubrium sterni and the symphysis pubis; the pylorus may be located on this plane in the supine or prone positions, but in the erect (anatomic) position it descends to a lower level.
What is the meaning of the transpyloric plane?
The transpyloric plane relates to the three-dimensional mapping of the abdomen founded on more than 10,000 measurements completed on 40 bodies, that surgeon Viscount Addison took at the turn of the 20th century.
Where is the Trans-Py · Lor · IC plane located?
trans·py·lor·ic plane. [TA] a transverse plane midway between the superior margins of the manubrium sterni and the symphysis pubis; the pylorus may be located on this plane in the supine or prone positions, but in the erect (anatomic) position it descends to a lower level. Synonym(s): planum transpyloricum [TA]
Where is the transpyloric plane of Addison located?
Transpyloric plane of Addison is an imaginary transverse plane lying halfway between the suprasternal notch or jugular notch (superior margins of the manubrium sterni) and the upper border of symphysis pubis, or approximately a hand’s breadth below the xiphoid.