Where is the Venus of Hohle Fels?
The Venus of Hohle Fels (also known as the Venus of Schelklingen; in German variously Venus vom Hohlen Fels, vom Hohle Fels; Venus von Schelklingen) is an Upper Paleolithic Venus figurine made of mammoth ivory that was unearthed in 2008 in Hohle Fels, a cave near Schelklingen, Germany.
What was found at Hohle Fels?
In 2008, a team from the University of Tübingen, led by archaeologist Nicholas Conard, discovered an artifact known as the Venus of Hohle Fels, dated to about 35,000 to 40,000 years ago. This is the earliest known Venus figurine and the earliest undisputed example of expressly human figurative art.
What was found at Hohle Fels and why is it important?
In effect the discovery of the Venus of Hohle Fels pushes back the date of the oldest prehistoric carving by at least 2,000 and perhaps as many as 7,000 years – that is, from 33,000 BCE to 35-40,000 BCE). According to Professor Nicholas J. Conard, the find “radically changes our views of the earliest Paleolithic art.”
Why was the Venus of Hohle Fels made?
Some authors hypothesize that the Venus figurines may have been created as self-portraits. The feet of most statues are not carved, which suggests that the piece was carried as the nomadic population was migrating. In the case of Hohle Fels, this would explain the little hole at the top of the figurine.
What is the oldest sculpture known to man?
The Löwenmensch figurine and the Venus of Hohle Fels, both from Germany, are the oldest confirmed statuettes in the world, dating to 35,000-40,000 years ago. The oldest known life-sized statue is Urfa Man found in Turkey which is dated to around 9,000 BC.
What is the oldest depiction of a human?
The Venus of Hohle Fels is the most famous Venus figurine ever discovered and it is the oldest undisputed depiction of a human being – there are a few other “Venuses” on this list, but they are controversial. The Hohle Fels Venus was found over a decade ago in Germany and has been dated to between 35,000 to 40,000 BCE.
What is the oldest shape?
The oldest shape in our history is the spiral, a spiritual structure | Ancient symbols, Petroglyphs, Ancient cultures.
Who mapped out the world?
And the man who wrote the codes for the maps we use today was Gerard Mercator, a cobbler’s son, born 500 years ago on a muddy floodplain in northern Europe. In his own time, Mercator was “the prince of modern geographers”, his depictions of the planet and its regions unsurpassed in accuracy, clarity and consistency.
What did ancient maps look like?
History’s earliest known world map was scratched on clay tablets in the ancient city of Babylon sometime around 600 B.C. The star-shaped map measures just five-by-three inches and shows the world as a flat disc surrounded by an ocean, or “bitter river.” Babylon and the Euphrates River are depicted in the center as a …
How old is the Venus of Hohle Fels?
The Venus of Hohle Fels: The Hohle Fels Venus figurine (Venus vom Hohlen Fels, vom Hohle Fels; Venus von Schelklingen) was produced at least 35,000 years ago, making it one of the oldest known examples of figurative art.
How old is the horse’s head at Hohle Fels?
The horse’s head at Hohle Fels came from a level dated about 30,000 years old; the other two are from an older occupation in the cave, ca. 31-33,000 years ago. In addition to these discoveries, are the ‘ Venus of Hohle fels ‘, the phallus and the griffon bone flute.
What kind of cave is Hohle Fels in Germany?
Hohle Fels: (Palaeolithic Cave). This cave in Germany has revealed some of the most interesting examples of Ice-age cave art in the world. The shape of the cave when seen without the present coverage of trees and growth is reminiscent of the mouth in the ‘face’ of the mountain, perhaps explaining why it was inhabited for over 10,000 years.
What did Conard find in Hohle Fels cave?
Within a distance of 70 cm to the Venus figurine, Conard’s team also found a flute made from a vulture bone. Additional artifacts excavated from the same cave layer included flint-knapping debris, worked bone, and carved ivory as well as remains of tarpans, reindeer, cave bears, woolly mammoths, and Alpine Ibexes .