What did Xenophon do?

Xenophon was a Greek philosopher, soldier, historian, memoirist, and the author of numerous practical treatises on subjects ranging from horsemanship to taxation.

Who is Xenophon in economics?

The Oeconomicus (Greek: Οἰκονομικός) by Xenophon is a Socratic dialogue principally about household management and agriculture. Oeconomicus comes from the Ancient Greek words oikos for home or house and nemein which means management, literally translated to ‘household management’.

Why is Xenophon important today?

Today, Xenophon is best known for his historical works. Much of what is known today about the Spartan society comes from Xenophon’s works – the royal biography of the Spartan king Agesilaus and the Constitution of the Lacedaemonians. Xenophon is recognized as one of the greatest writers of antiquity.

What did Xenophon say about Socrates?

Another source for the historical Socrates is the soldier-historian, Xenophon. Xenophon says explicitly of Socrates, “I was never acquainted with anyone who took greater care to find out what each of his companions knew” (Memorabilia 4.7.

What is the meaning of Oikonomia?

The word “economics” comes from the Greek word “Oikonomia” meaning “management of a household”. Hence, in its original sense the meaning of a strong economy is essentially one where a household is well managed.

How do modern economists define economics?

According to Samuelson, “Economics is the study of how people and society choose, with or without the use of money, to employ scarce productive resources which could have alternative uses, to produce various commodities over time and distribute them for consumption now and in the future among various persons and groups …

What was the term for the women’s quarters in the Athenian house?

The portion of an ancient Greek home designated as women’s quarters was called the gynaeceum (a term that is the Latinate form of ancient Greek gunaikon (or gunaikonitis). The gynaeceum is associated particularly with the classical period (c. 500–323 bce) and with Athens.

What happened to Meletus?

Meletus is also mentioned briefly in the Theaetetus. The later Greek historian Diogenes Laërtius dubiously reported that after the execution of Socrates “Athenians felt such remorse” that they executed Meletus and banished his associates from the city.

What was Xenophon known for?

Xenophon is perhaps best known as the leader of the Ten Thousand on the Anabasis, the famous march of the Greek army through hostile territory to the Black Sea.

Was Xenophon student of Socrates?

Xenophon was a student of Socrates, and their personal relationship is evident through a conversation between the two in Xenophon’s Anabasis . In his Lives of Eminent Philosophers , the Greek biographer Diogenes Laërtius reports how Xenophon met Socrates.

What is the origin of the name Xenophon?

Xenophon or Xenofon is an ancient Greek name which derives from the words “ksenos” and “foni”, which mean “foreign” and “voice” respectively. Xenophon is a male Greek name associated with a great ancient Greek historian, but it is used in modern Greece as well, although in a more modernized version, which is Xenophontas.