What is a cluepoid fish?

Cuvier, 1817. Genera. See text. Clupeidae is a family of ray-finned fishes, comprising, for instance, the herrings, shads, sardines, hilsa, and menhadens. The clupeoids include many of the most important food fishes in the world, and are also commonly caught for production of fish oil and fish meal.

What are Clupeoid fish used for?

Clupeoids are among the most important commercial fish species according to a new article in Njord, Sweden’s largest newspaper on professional fishing. Clupeoids are mainly used to produce fishmeal and fish oil, but they are also used for human consumption.

What do Clupeidae eat?

ClupeidaeHerrings, shads, sardines, menhadens They generally have torpedo shaped bodies that are laterally compressed. Fish in this family are strong, fast swimmers, generally travel in large schools, and they typically feed on plankton. They are some of the most important commercially fished species in the world.

Are sardines anadromous?

Description. Clupeidae, the family of fish to which the sardines belong, is a primarily marine (some freshwater and some anadromous) assemblage of herrings (shads, sprats, sardines, pilchards, and menhadens) (Nelson 1994). The actual sizes of the fish canned varies by species.

Are tuna perciformes?

They are related to mackerels and are placed with them in the family Scombridae (order Perciformes). Tunas vary considerably, both within and among species. In colour, tunas are generally dark above and silvery below, often with an iridescent shine.

What kind of fish is Shad?

Shad, any of several saltwater food fishes of the herring family (Clupeidae) that swim up rivers to spawn. Shad of the genus Alosa are rather deep bodied and have a notch in the upper jaw into which the tip of the lower fits. Young shad have small teeth, but the adults are toothless.

What fish are related to cod?

The Gadidae are a family of marine fish, included in the order Gadiformes, known as the cods, codfishes, or true cods. It contains several commercially important fishes, including the cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.

What species is anadromous?

Catadromous is a term used for a special category of marine fishes who spend most of their adult lives in fresh water, but must return to the sea to spawn. True anadromous fish migrate from the ocean to spawn in freshwater rivers or sometimes in the brackish upper reaches of the estuary.

Is a tuna a chordate?

Phylum-Chordata Albacore tuna are also part of the Phylum Chordata. They can be found under this phylum because they possess the five key features that all Chordates possess at some time in their development.

Are shad good for a pond?

Shad are filter feeders and feed on both phytoplankton (microscopic one-cell plants) and zooplankton (microscopic animals). They are so efficient at filtering that some catfish farmers have begun stocking shad in their production ponds to improve water quality.

What kind of fish are in the Clupeidae?

Commercially important species of the Clupeidae include the Atlantic menhaden ( Brevoortia tyrannus ), the Atlantic and Baltic herrings ( Clupea harengus ), the Pacific herring ( C. pallasii ), and the European pilchard or sardine ( Sardina pilchardus ).

What kind of fish is the Atlantic Clupea?

Two main species of Clupea are currently recognized: the Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) and the Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii), which have each been divided into subspecies. Herrings are forage fish moving in vast schools , coming in spring to the shores of Europe and America , where they form important commercial fisheries.

What kind of body does a Clupeidae have?

Many members of the family have a body protected with shiny cycloid (very smooth and uniform) scales, a single dorsal fin, and a fusiform body for quick, evasive swimming and pursuit of prey composed of small planktonic animals.

Which is larger a Clupea or a herring?

Herrings are forage fish moving in vast schools, coming in spring to the shores of Europe and America, where they form important commercial fisheries. The species of Clupea belong to the larger family Clupeidae (herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), which comprises some 200 species that share similar features.