Which is the best definition of the word irony?
Irony is a literary device or event in which how things seem to be is in fact very different from how they actually are. If this seems like a loose definition, don’t worry—it is. Irony is a broad term that encompasses three different types of irony, each with their own specific definition: verbal irony , dramatic irony, and situational irony.
How does irony make a work of literature more intriguing?
It makes a work of literature more intriguing, and forces the readers to use their imaginations to comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts. Moreover, real life is full of ironical expressions and situations. Therefore, the use of irony brings a work of literature to the life.
When is irony is the opposite of expectation?
Irony is the opposite of expectation. When what we expect to happen doesn’t happen, it creates conflict . When we know the truth about a dangerous situation and we watch someone else get close to that danger, it creates suspense. When someone says one thing but means another, it creates complexity.
What does enduring mean in the Merriam Webster Dictionary?
Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback . “Enduring.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enduring.
How is irony used in situational and dramatic irony?
In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not.
Can you use irony in a short story?
Whether you’re writing a short story or a screenplay, irony can be a powerful storytelling tool. You’ll be able to recognize the different types of irony and understand how they work. The next step is to carry this understanding straight into your next writing project. Irony is the opposite of expectation.
How is irony used as a rhetorical device?
[T]echnically, irony is a rhetorical device used to convey a meaning sharply different from or even opposite of the literal text. It’s not just saying one thing while meaning another–that’s what Bill Clinton does. No, it’s more like a wink or running joke among people in the know.
How is dramatic irony used in a story?
She and her husband go into crippling debt and wind up in poverty to replace the necklace, only to find out years later that the original necklace was a fake to begin with. Dramatic irony is a device employed by storytellers wherein the audience is aware of what’s going on, but the characters are not .
Why do we misuse the word ironic so often?
One reason we misuse ironic so frequently is the slipperiness of the definition. What does it really mean to say, as many definitions do, that irony refers to a situation in which actuality differs from perception or expectations? Is any expectation fair game, or should the expectation be based on some reasonable evidence?
When do you use the word ironic in a sentence?
Critics claim the words irony and ironic as they are used in cases lacking a striking reversal, such as “Isn’t it ironic that you called just as I was planning to call you?,” are more properly called coincidence.
Which is the best definition of millisievert?
sie·vert (Sv), The SI unit of ionizing radiation effective dose, equal to the absorbed dose in gray, weighted for both the quality of radiation in question and the tissue response to that radiation. The unit is the joule per kilogram and 1 Sv = 100 rem. See also: effective dose, equivalent dose. sievert (Sv) a measure of radiation dose.
What is the dark irony of the police?
The dark irony is that, when people take to the streets to protest racism in policing, some police have used cutting-edge tools with a known racial bias against those assembled. It may be fun and it may get them paid, until oversaturation ruins our sense for irony and destroys the market for it.
What is the difference between verbal irony and situational irony?
Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge. When it comes to verbal irony, the reader may be expecting a character’s statement or response to be one thing though it turns out to be the opposite.
When to use dramatic irony in a story?
Dramatic irony is a bit of a weird one. It is primarily used in a narrative where one of the people observing the situation is privy to information that at least one of the other characters is unaware.
How is irony used in Socratic and dramatic irony?
Socratic irony is a tool used in debating; dramatic irony is what happens when the audience realizes that Romeo and Juliet’s plans will go awry. The third, and debated, use of irony regards what’s called situational irony.
Which is the best definition of the word’honourably’?
‘We will be vigorously defending this action as we are satisfied that we have behaved both responsibly and honourably in every way in our dealings with him.’ ‘You will come out of this honourably if you know that your cause is just.’ ‘The government ‘must now act honourably and charge or release all those currently held’.’
When does irony become a stream of consciousness?
— Joshua Robinson, WSJ, 27 June 2021 The irony of the moment: As originally planned, Black was pre-taping a big musical number that involved a lot of physicality. — NBC News, 25 June 2021 Her latest, accordingly, comes on in a swirl of internet age irony and remove: less stream of consciousness than a series of small, heady whirlpools.
When is irony the same as coincidence and bad luck?
When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Again, just to clarify, irony is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck.”. If you buy a new car and then accidentally drive it into a tree, that is both coincidence and bad luck.
Is the word irony synonymous with the word incongruous?
This sense, however, is not synonymous with “incongruous” but merely a definition of dramatic or situational irony. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
Which is an example of irony in Greek tragedy?
You can also see this type of irony at play in Greek tragedies where the tragic hero is punished for their acts of hubris (excessive pride) — which was apparently the gravest sin in ancient Greece. Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus.
How is dramatic irony related to structural irony?
Dramatic irony is often equated with situational irony, tragic irony, or structural irony; when they are treated as separate, they have in common a focus on the gap between the understanding of a work’s audience and that of its characters.
What kind of irony is used in satire?
The nonliterary use of irony is usually considered sarcasm. Irony is among the most powerful devices used in satire. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by J.E. Luebering, Executive Editorial Director.
What is the meaning of the word chemurgy?
chem·ur·gy. the branch of chemistry dealing with the utilization of organic products, esp. from farms, in the manufacture of new products not classed as food or clothing (e.g., soybeans as a base for plastics or the production of methane from animal waste or garbage) Origin of chemurgy. chem(o)- + -urgy.
What’s the irony of Merckx saying Irony?
The irony for Merckx is that one of his most impressive achievements is far from his favorite. — Joshua Robinson, WSJ, 27 June 2021 The irony of the moment: As originally planned, Black was pre-taping a big musical number that involved a lot of physicality.
What is the difference between irony and satire?
Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing. Satire is a form of social or political critique.
How are the intensifiers used before a noun?
The intensifiers much and far are used with comparative adjectives before a noun. The UK is a much bigger country than Japan. He is a far better tennis player than Federer. The intensifiers easily and by far are used with superlative adjectives. She is easily the greatest singer of all time.
What does ぬいくるみ ( nuigurumi ) mean in Japanese?
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What is the meaning of the word Hellenism?
4 : a body of humanistic and classical ideals associated with ancient Greece and including reason, the pursuit of knowledge and the arts, moderation, civic responsibility, and bodily development First Known Use of Hellenism 1609, in the meaning defined at sense 1
Which is an example of an ironic understatement?
As you might expect, an ironic understatement creates contrast by undermining the impact of something, though the thing itself will be rather substantial or severe. Example: In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield casually says, “I have to have this operation. It isn’t very serious.
Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía ‘ dissimulation, feigned ignorance’ ), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what on the surface appears to be the case or to be expected differs radically from what is actually the case.
Who was the first person to invent irony?
(You’re welcome.) Although she popularised irony, Alanis Morissette didn’t invent it. That honour goes to the Greek character, Eiron. He was an underdog who used his considerable wit to fight another character. This spawned the Greek word eironeía, the literal meaning of which is ‘purposely affected ignorance.’
What is the meaning of the word Ballerino?
A male ballet dancer. 1930s; earliest use found in Musical Times. From German Ballerino or its etymon Italian ballerino professional dancer from ballare to dance + -ino. Compare French ballerin, Spanish bailarin.
What’s the difference between a ballet dancer and a ballerino?
In the original Italian, the terms ballerino (a male dancer, usually in ballet) and ballerina do not imply the accomplished and critically acclaimed dancers once meant by the terms ballerina and danseur noble when used in English.
What makes irony a rich device for storytelling?
Irony is born when “what seems to be” is different from “what is.” This contrast between expectation and reality is what makes irony such a rich device to use in storytelling. Irony adds a layer of complexity and richness to the conflict. Now there is depth to your story that might not have been there before.
What is the medical definition of amyloidosis?
Medical Definition of amyloidogenic. : producing or tending to produce amyloid deposits Amyloid deposits can be reabsorbed and organ dysfunction reversed if the synthesis of the amyloidogenic protein is shut down.— Giampaolo Merlini and Vittorio Bellotti, The New England Journal of Medicine, 7 Aug. 2003 amyloidogenic mutations.
What is the definition of the word multipennate?
What is Multipennate? Definition. noun. A type of pennate muscle wherein the diagonal muscle fibers are in multiple rows with the central tendon branching into two or more tendons. Supplement.
Where did the people of the Ahhiyawa come from?
Greeks (Achaeans; Ahhiyawa in Hittite texts); Teresh, Tyrrhenians (Tyrsenoi), known to later Greeks as sailors and pirates from Anatolia, ancestors of the Etruscans; Luka, a coastal people of western Anatolia, also known from Hittite sources (their name survives in classical Lycia on the southwest coast of Anatolia);…
Which is the most common misuse of irony?
Situational irony, the type that is most commonly misused, involves a situation where the actions end up having an effect that is the opposite from what was intended or expected. Often situational irony is confused with coincidence, an obvious chain of events or something just being funny.
What is the medical definition of a rubefacient?
Medical Definition of rubefacient (Entry 2 of 2) : a substance (as capsaicin) for external application that produces redness of the skin.
How are rubefacients used in the treatment of pain?
Rubefacient. A rubefacient is a substance for topical application that produces redness of the skin e.g. by causing dilation of the capillaries and an increase in blood circulation. They have sometimes been used to relieve acute or chronic pain, but there is limited evidence as to their efficacy; and as of 2014…
When does Jonathan Swift use the word irony?
The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean. Jonathan Swift uses irony in “ A Modest Proposal ” when he suggests the eating of babies as a solution to overpopulation and starvation in Ireland.
Which is an example of irony in Shakespeare?
In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not. For example, in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, we know well before the characters that they are going to die. In real life circumstances, irony may be comical, bitter, or sometimes unbearably offensive.
Why is irony so prevalent in the world?
And why is irony so prevalent and useful? Focusing on three types of irony (situational, dramatic, verbal), Christopher Warner pieces together what is truly ironic. Let’s begin with the basics: Something is ironic if and only if it is the exact opposite of what you would expect.
How is the word entresuelo used in Spanish?
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo). El despacho del profesor está en el entresuelo del edificio.The teacher’s office is on the mezzanine of the building. Desde el entresuelo se ve claramente el escenario.From the dress circle you can see the stage very clearly.
Which is an example of a situational irony?
Situational irony refers to an unexpected, paradoxical, or perverse turn of events. It is an example of situational irony when, in the O. Henry story ” The Gift of the Magi ,” a young wife cuts off her hair in order to buy her husband a chain for his prized watch, but the husband sells his watch to buy his wife a comb for her beautiful hair.
How is irony used in the Harry Potter series?
Situational irony is often present in many layers. Throughout the seventh book of the Harry Potter series, readers follow Harry on his quest to find and destroy Voldemort’s six horcruxes. At the end of the novel, we find out that there is a seventh horcrux: Harry.
What is the difference between irony and antiphrasis?
irony – a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs. antiphrasis – the use of a word in a sense opposite to its normal sense (especially in irony) dramatic irony – (theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
Which is the best definition of the word desegregated?
desegregate – open (a place) to members of all races and ethnic groups; “This school is completely desegregated”. integrate, mix. segregate – separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation; “This neighborhood is segregated”; “We don’t segregate in this county”.